alexa Histone carbonylation in vivo and in vitro.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Cell & Developmental Biology

Author(s): Wondrak GT, CervantesLaurean D, Jacobson EL, Jacobson MK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Non-enzymic damage to nuclear proteins has potentially severe consequences for the maintenance of genomic integrity. Introduction of carbonyl groups into histones in vivo and in vitro was assessed by Western blot immunoassay and reductive incorporation of tritium from radiolabelled NaBH(4) (sodium borohydride). Histone H1 extracted from bovine thymus, liver and spleen was found to contain significantly elevated amounts of protein-bound carbonyl groups as compared with core histones. The carbonyl content of nuclear proteins of rat pheochromocytoma cells (PC12 cells) was not greatly increased following oxidative stress induced by H(2)O(2), but was significantly increased following alkylating stress induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine or by combined oxidative and alkylating stress. Free ADP-ribose, a reducing sugar generated in the nucleus in proportion to DNA strand breaks, was shown to be a potent histone H1 carbonylating agent in isolated PC12 cell nuclei. Studies of the mechanism of histone H1 modification by ADP-ribose indicate that carbonylation involves formation of a stable acyclic ketoamine. Our results demonstrate preferential histone H1 carbonylation in vivo, with potentially important consequences for chromatin structure and function.
This article was published in Biochem J and referenced in Cell & Developmental Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version