alexa Histone deacetylase inhibitors in cancer treatment: a review of the clinical toxicity and the modulation of gene expression in cancer cell.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics

Author(s): Bruserud , Stapnes C, Ersvaer E, Gjertsen BT, Ryningen A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Characterization of epigenetic events in carcinogenesis has led to the discovery of a new class of oncogenes and thereby a new class of therapeutic targets. Among the new therapeutic approaches are modulation of protein lysine acetylation through inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs). HDACs deacetylate histones as well as transcription factors and can modulate gene expression through both these mechanisms in normal and malignant cells. Furthermore, acetylation is an important posttranslational modulation of several proteins involved in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis in normal as well as cancer cells. Even though several HDAC inhibitors have been characterized in vitro, only a limited number of these agents are in clinical trials. Various HDAC inhibitors differ in their toxicity profile when comparing the side effects described in the available clinical studies of HDAC inhibition in the treatment of cancer. These drugs may also affect normal hematopoiesis; hematologic toxicity is common to many drugs but stimulation of hematopoiesis seems to occur for others. HDAC inhibitors usually affect <10\% of the genes in cancer cells. Divergent effects of HDAC inhibition on the global gene expression profiles have been described when testing various cancer cells, and this is further complicated by altered HDAC expression induced by HDAC inhibitors. However, increased p21 expression seems to be a common characteristic for most studies, suggesting an important role of this molecule during HDAC inhibitory treatment. Even though the initial studies are encouraging, additional in vitro and in vivo pharmacological characterization is definitely needed.
This article was published in Curr Pharm Biotechnol and referenced in Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]om

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords