alexa Histopathologic findings in bone from edentulous alveolar ridges: a role in osteonecrosis of the jaws?
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Devices

Author(s): Kassolis JD, Scheper M, Jham B, Reynolds MA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BONJ) is characterized by a breach in the oral mucosa with exposure of necrotic bone. Although bisphosphonates impact multiple biologic processes, including bone turnover and vascularity, factors contributing to the pathogenesis of BONJ remain poorly understood. In this retrospective analysis, the histopathologic findings from 154 alveolar bone specimens obtained during osteotomy preparation for dental implant placement were reviewed from 147 consecutively treated patients [male (79); female (68); Caucasian (141); African-American (6)]. The alveolar ridge sites had been edentulous for 1 year or longer. None of the patients in this study had a history of bisphosphonate therapy or clinical evidence of BONJ. Two pathologists, masked, using predetermined criteria, reviewed and substantiated the pathology reports provided by the licensed pathology service. In selected cases, special stains had been conducted to help establish the presence of bacteria. The histopathologic findings for the core specimens were as follows: 76 viable bone (49.4\%); 54 nonviable bone (35.0\%); and 24 osteomyelitis (15.6\%). These histopathologic findings indicate that the edentulous jaw can contain regions of nonviable bone and microbial biofilm formation for 1 year or more after tooth extraction and mucosal healing. Regions of necrotic bone and subclinical infection may contribute to the development of untoward clinical events, such BONJ and early implant failure. 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Bone and referenced in Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Medical Devices

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords