alexa Histopathological changes in liver and gill epithelium of Nile Histopathological changes in liver and gill epithelium of Nile tilapia, tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus eochromis niloticus, exposed to waterborne copper , exposed to waterborne copper1
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development

Author(s): Antnio FigueiredoFernandes, Jorge V FerreiraCardoso

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Figueiredo-Fernandes A., Ferreira-Cardoso J.V., Garcia-Santos S., Monteiro S.M., .- Carrola J., Matos P. & Fontaínhas-Fernandes A. 2007. Histopathological changes in liver and gill epithelium of Nile tilapia, gill epithelium of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, exposed to waterborne copper. , exposed to waterborne copper Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 27(3):103-109. University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Center of Studies on Technological of Environmental and Life Sciences (CETAV), Apartado 1013, Vila Real 5001-801, Portugal. E-mail: [email protected] Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, of both sexes were reared in freshwater and exposed to 0.5, 1.0 and 2.5mg L-1 of waterborne copper for a period of 21 days. Liver and gill samples were collected after 21 days of exposure to copper and lesions were analyzed by light microscopy. The main histopathological changes observed in gills exposed to the highest concentration were edema, lifting of lamellar epithelia and an intense vasodilatation of the lamellar vascular axis. Although less frequent, lamellar fusion caused by the filamentar epithelium proliferation and some lamellar aneurisms were also found. The liver of control group exhibited a quite normal architecture, while the fish exposed to copper showed vacuolation and necrosis. These hepatic alterations were more evident in fish exposed to 1.0 and 2.5mg L-1 copper concentrations. The number of hepatocytes nucleus per mm2 of hepatic tissue decreased with the increase of copper concentration. In contrast, the hepatic somatic index was high in fish exposed at 2.5mg L-1 of copper. In short, this work advance new knowledge as influence of copper in the gill and liver histology of O. niloticus and demonstrated that their effects could be observed at different concentrations.

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This article was published in Pesq. Vet. Bras and referenced in Journal of Marine Science: Research & Development

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