Author(s): Homma S, Ishii T, Malcom GT, Zieske AW, Strong JP,
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Abstract To investigate whether histopathological modifications on early atherosclerotic lesions differ according to risk factors, we compared the histological findings of arteries obtained from a multicenter study in the USA (Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth, PDAY) with the antemortem risk factors. The materials comprised aortas and left anterior descending (LAD) coronary arteries of 140 male subjects. Measurements of intimal thickness, classification of intimal lesions, and density of foam cells and intimal fibrosis at the determined sites of LAD and aorta were evaluated. In both arteries, intimal thickness of hypertensives was greater than the normotensives with no definite proliferation of foam cells. In aortas, hypercholesterolemia was associated with an increase in foam cells, but not with an increase in intimal thickness. HDL-C value correlated inversely with number of foam cells in both the arteries, and the degree of intimal thickness in LADs, where early appearance of advanced lesion such as preatheroma and atheroma, was also indicated in the low HDL-C group. Smokers had less number of foam cells in both the arteries and more intensive intimal fibrosis in LAD than non-smokers. Our study suggests that there are several ways to advanced atherosclerotic lesions by risk factors.
This article was published in Atherosclerosis
and referenced in Journal of Neurological Disorders