alexa Histopathology of incipient intraepidermal squamous cell carcinoma ("actinic keratosis").
Dermatology

Dermatology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Author(s): Cockerell CJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Actinic keratoses (AKs) are proliferations of transformed, neoplastic keratinocytes confined to the epidermis induced by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation in sunlight. They are extremely prevalent and are seen in most middle-aged to elderly Caucasian persons with a history of significant sun exposure. These lesions are currently termed AKs while they remain confined to the epidermis, but when they extend more deeply to involve the papillary and/or reticular dermis, they are termed squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The term AK was developed on the basis of clinical appearance and texture of these lesions without regard to histopathology or pathobiology. METHODS: This study was based on a current and historical literature review. RESULTS: AKs and SCC represent the same disease process at different stages of evolution. Neoplastic transformation occurs in keratinocytes exposed to UV radiation manifest primarily as mutations in the p53 gene. In time, these cells proliferate in the epidermis and eventually extend into the dermis at which point metastatic spread can occur. Cytologic atypia is visible in early stages and is identical to that seen in SCC that is present in the dermis or in metastatic lesions. This sequence of events is directly analogous to that of evolving carcinoma of the uterine cervix that has been termed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. CONCLUSION: AKs are malignant neoplasms in evolution and demonstrate histologic and molecular genetic features of malignancy. Because the name currently used to describe these lesions does not reflect the pathobiology of the process, we propose that a new, more appropriate name be given to these lesions. We propose that a classification scheme analogous to that used by gynecologists for evolving carcinoma of the uterine cervix using the terminology "keratinocytic intraepidermal neoplasia" or another term such as "solar keratotic intraepidermal SCC" be used to define these lesions and that the term actinic (solar) keratosis be eliminated.
This article was published in J Am Acad Dermatol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords