Author(s): Williams PB, Sallar AM
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: We assessed the differences and similarities in knowledge, attitude, beliefs, myths, and misconceptions; and the various high-risk behavioral factors that influence the rate of infectivity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS among African American men in urban and rural communities of Mississippi. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample survey was conducted on 466 African American men in 2 sites between 2005 and 2007. With the main outcome variables of knowledge, attitude/feelings, behavior/practices, and potentials for behavior change, we administered a 64-item, ethnically sensitive, gender-specific instrument to the subjects via a person-to-person interview. RESULTS: Of the 466 respondents (urban, 33\%; rural, 67\%), 70\%, 14.4\%, and 16.6\%, respectively, were heterosexual, bisexual, and men who have sex with men (MSM). The number of the respondents' sexual partners in the previous 12 months were: 1 to 2 (54\%), 3 to 4 (25.7\%), and 5 or more (20.2\%). Statistically significant differences were observed between the 2 populations on HIV knowledge (p < .001), HIV/sexually transmitted infection testing history (p < .001), sexual partners (p = .038), unprotected sexual intercourse with drug users (p < .001), unprotected casual sex (p < .001), intercourse in an open relationship or marriage (p < .001), and communication with potential sex partners regarding sexual limits prior to intercourse (p = .027). CONCLUSIONS: Although the level of HIV/AIDS knowledge and education were lower among urban than rural respondents, subjects' negative overall beliefs, attitude/feelings, behavior and potentials for behavioral change did not differ significantly among the African American men in the 2 communities.
This article was published in J Natl Med Assoc
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research