alexa HIV coinfection impairs CD28-mediated costimulation of hepatitis C virus-specific CD8 cells.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Yonkers NL, Rodriguez B, Post AB, Asaad R, Jones L, , Yonkers NL, Rodriguez B, Post AB, Asaad R, Jones L,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: During human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, reduced proportions of CD8 cells express CD28, the key costimulatory molecule for lymphocyte activation. However, it is unclear whether reduced CD28 expression affects immune responses to non-HIV antigens, potentially contributing to susceptibility to opportunistic infection. METHODS: We measured CD4- and CD8-specific interferon- gamma responses to hepatitis C virus (HCV) peptide pools in subjects with chronic HCV monoinfection (n=14), in subjects with chronic HCV/HIV coinfection (n=15), and in healthy control subjects (n=10) by enzyme-linked immunospot assay in the presence and absence of CD28 costimulation. RESULTS: Anti-CD28 agonist increased the cumulative frequency of HCV-specific CD4 cell responses in the subjects with HCV monoinfection and in those with HCV/HIV coinfection. In contrast, anti-CD28 agonist increased the breadth and cumulative frequency of HCV-specific CD8 cell responses only in the subjects with HCV monoinfection. Additionally, in the presence of anti-CD28 agonist, the proportion of subjects responding, the cumulative frequency, and the breadth of reactive CD8 cells were greater among the subjects with HCV monoinfection than among those with HCV/HIV coinfection. Finally, the HCV/HIV-coinfected subjects had lower proportions of CD8 cells that expressed CD28. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that, during HCV/HIV coinfection, memory-effector CD8 cells have reduced responsiveness to CD28 costimulation. This appears to reflect a global effect that HIV has on the activation or differentiation state of CD8 cells that are responsive to other microbial pathogens. This functional defect has implications for the pathogenesis of HCV/HIV coinfection. This article was published in J Infect Dis and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 5th International Conference on HIV/AIDS, STDs and STIs
    November 13-14, 2017 Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords