alexa HIV-1 integrase preassembled on donor DNA is refractory to activity stimulation by LEDGF p75.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Yu F, Jones GS, Hung M, Wagner AH, MacArthur HL,

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Abstract LEDGF/p75 is known to enhance the integrase strand transfer activity in vitro, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Using an integrase assay with a chemiluminescent readout adapted to a 96-well plate format, the effect of LEDGF/p75 on both the 3'-processing and strand transfer steps was analyzed. Integrase inhibitors of the strand transfer reaction remained active in the presence of LEDGF/p75, but displayed 3- to 7-fold higher IC50 values. Our analyses indicate that, in the presence of 150 nM LEDGF/p75, active integrase/donor DNA complexes were increased by 5.3-fold during the 3'-processing step. In addition, these integrase/donor DNA complexes showed a 4.5-fold greater affinity for the target DNA during the subsequent strand transfer step. We also observed a 3.7-fold increase in the rate constant of catalysis of the strand transfer step when 150 nM LEDGF/p75 was present during the 3'-processing step. In contrast, when LEDGF/p75 was added at the beginning of the strand transfer step, no increase in either the concentration of active integrase/donor DNA complex or its rate constant of strand transfer catalysis was observed. This observation suggested that the integrase/donor DNA formed in the absence of LEDGF/p75 became refractory to the stimulatory effect of LEDGF/p75. Instead, this LEDGF/p75 added at the start of the strand transfer step was able to promote the formation of a new cohort of active integrase/donor DNA complexes which became functional with a delay of 45 min after LEDGF/p75 addition. We propose a model whereby LEDGF/p75 can only bind integrase before the latter binds donor DNA whereas donor DNA can engage either free or LEDGF/p75-bound integrase. This article was published in Biochemistry and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

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