Author(s): Syed IH, Balakrishnan P, Solomon SS, Murugavel KG, Kumarasamy N, , Syed IH, Balakrishnan P, Solomon SS, Murugavel KG, Kumarasamy N,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: The Western blot assay is the gold standard for the detection of antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). However, indeterminate Western blot reactivity to HIV-1 proteins may occur in individuals, who may not be infected with HIV. AIM: This retrospective study was aimed to determine the diagnostic value of the interpretation criteria in relation to commercial kits for HIV-1 diagnosis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 556 serum/plasma specimens collected from high-risk population attending our HIV clinic from 2000-2004 were tested by three different western blot kits: NEW LAV BLOT I (n=244), HIV BLOT 2.2; (n=112), Genetic Systems HIV-1 (n=237). And the results of western blot strips were analyzed using the various interpretation criteria: WHO/NACO, CDC/ ASTPHLD, ARC, FDA, CRSS and JHU. Some specimens were run on more than one kit. RT-PCR assay was performed on 5 specimens, which were indeterminate with LAV BLOT I. RESULTS: The discrepancy in LAV BLOT I positive results were between 157(64)-176(72), and indeterminate results were between 44(18) to 63(25). No such variations were observed in genetic systems. There are some HIV negative (by PCR) specimens were indeterminate in LAV BLOT I revealing the kit more sensitive and less effective for diagnostic purpose. CONCLUSION: The genetic systems kit is superior to other kits we analyzed and its results are concordant with HIV-1 PCR results. To report, the choice of western blot commercial kit is paramount important than the use of particular interpretation criteria for the diagnosis of HIV-1.
This article was published in Indian J Med Sci
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research