Author(s): Krokowski M, Bodalski J, Bratek A, Boitard C, CaillatZucman S
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Abstract Susceptibility and resistance to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) are strongly associated with alleles of HLA class II DR and DQ genes. We have studied HLA DRB1, DQA1, DQB1 allele and haplotype distribution in 152 IDDM children and 103 unrelated healthy individuals from the region of Lodz in central Poland by the polymerase chain reaction and hybridisation with allele-specific oligonucleotide probes. The DRB1*04 allele showed the strongest association with IDDM in the Polish population (OR = 3.87). The DRB1*03 allele was also associated with predisposition to the disease (OR = 3.25), particularly in DR3/4 heterozygous individuals (OR = 14.47). Among DR4 subtypes, DRB1*0401 was the most frequent both in patients and controls, whereas DRB1*0403 was rarely observed in patients and conferred a significant protection from IDDM. The DRB1*04-DQA1*0301-DQB1*0302 haplotype conferred the highest risk to develop IDDM. The presence of DRB1*0401 on this haplotype reinforced the disease risk whereas DRB1*0403 had a dominant protective effect even in the presence of the predisposing DQB1*0302 allele (OR = 0.24). The DRB1*1501-DQA1*0102-DQB1*0602 haplotype conferred a dominant protective effect (OR = 0.04). The different behaviour of the DRB1*04-DQB1*0302 haplotypes in conferring IDDM risk confirms that DRB1 by itself is strongly associated with IDDM independently from DQB1, with DRB1*0401 being a high frequency/moderate risk allele, and DRB1*0403 a high frequency/low risk allele in the Polish population.
This article was published in Hum Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism