alexa HLA class I-restricted lysis of leukemia cells by a CD8(+) cytotoxic T-lymphocyte clone specific for WT1 peptide.


Immunome Research

Author(s): Ohminami H, Yasukawa M, Fujita S, Ohminami H, Yasukawa M, Fujita S

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Abstract The Wilms tumor (WT1) gene has been reported to be preferentially expressed in acute leukemia cells, regardless of leukemia subtype and chronic myelogenous leukemia cells in blast crisis, but not in normal cells. This finding suggests strongly that WT1 protein is a potential target of immunotherapy for human leukemia. In this study, we established a CD8(+) cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) clone directed against a WT1-derived peptide and examined its immunologic actions on leukemia cells. A CD8(+) CTL clone, designated TAK-1, which lysed autologous cells loaded with a WT1-derived 9-mer peptide consisting of the HLA-A24 (HLA-A*2402)-binding motifs was established by stimulating CD8(+) T lymphocytes from a healthy individual repeatedly with WT1 peptide-pulsed autologous dendritic cells. TAK-1 was cytotoxic to HLA-A24-positive leukemia cells expressing WT1, but not to HLA-A24-positive lymphoma cells that did not express WT1, HLA-A24-negative leukemia cells, or HLA-A24-positive normal cells. Treating leukemia cells with an antisense oligonucleotide complementary to the WT1 gene resulted in reduced TAK-1-mediated cytotoxicity, suggesting that target antigen of TAK-1 on leukemia cells is the naturally processed WT1 peptide in the context of HLA-A24. TAK-1 did not inhibit colony formation by normal bone marrow cells of HLA-A24-positive individuals. Because WT1 is overexpressed ubiquitously in various types of leukemia cells, but not in normal cells, immunotherapy using WT1 peptide-specific CTL clones should be an efficacious treatment for human leukemia. (Blood. 2000;95:286-293)
This article was published in Blood and referenced in Immunome Research

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