alexa HLA expression and immunologic properties of differentiated and undifferentiated mesenchymal stem cells.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Katarina Le Blanc

Abstract Share this page

OBJECTIVE: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) do not elicit alloreactive lymphocyte responses due to immune modulations. We investigated the immunologic properties of MSC after differentiation along three lineages: bone, cartilage, and adipose.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Flow cytometry showed that undifferentiated MSC express HLA class I but not class II, although HLA class II was present intracellularly as detected by Western blot. Addition of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) for 48 hours induced greater than 90% of cells to express HLA class II. No lymphocyte response was induced by allogeneic irradiated MSC as stimulators. Results were similar using MSC pretreated with IFN-gamma. After growth of cells in medium to induce differentiation to bone, cartilage, or adipose for 6 or 12 days, the expression of HLA class I increased but no class II was detected on the cell surface. The ability to upregulate HLA class II on the cell surface after exposure to IFN-gamma for 48 hours was clearly diminished after the cells had been cultured in differentiation medium for 6 or 12 days, with only 10% of cells expressing HLA class II. Using MSC grown in osteogenic, chondrogenic, or adipogenic medium as stimulator cells, no lymphocyte alloreactivity was seen, even if differentiated MSC had been pretreated with IFN-gamma. MSC inhibit mixed lymphocyte cultures, particularly after osteogenic differentiation. This suppression was further enhanced by IFN-gamma.

CONCLUSIONS: Undifferentiated and differentiated MSC do not elicit alloreactive lymphocyte proliferative responses and modulate immune responses. The findings support that MSC can be transplantable between HLA-incompatible individuals.

This article was published in Exp Hematol. and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords