Author(s): Nguyen S, Beziat V, Dhedin N, Kuentz M, Vernant JP,
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Abstract Natural killer (NK) cells generated after haploidentical hematopoietic SCT in patients with AML are characterized by specific phenotypic features and impaired functioning that may affect transplantation outcome. We show that IFN-gamma produced by immature CD56(bright) NK cells upregulates cell surface expression of HLA-E on AML blasts and that this upregulation protects leukemic cells from NK-mediated cell lysis through the mediation of CD94/NKG2A, an inhibitory receptor overexpressed on NK cells after haploidentical SCT. Two years after transplantation, however, maturing NK cells were functionally active, as evidenced by high cytotoxicity and poor IFN-gamma production. This implies that maturation of NK cells is the key to improved immune responses and transplantation outcome.
This article was published in Bone Marrow Transplant
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy