alexa HMGA molecules in neuroblastic tumors.


Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): Cerignoli F, Ambrosi C, Mellone M, Assimi I, di Marcotullio L,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The high mobility group A (HMGA) proteins are thought to work as ancillary transcription factors and to regulate the expression of a growing number of genes through direct binding to DNA or via protein-protein interactions. Both HMGA1 and HMGA2 are important regulators of basic biological processes, including cell growth, differentiation and transformation. Their qualitatively or quantitatively altered expression has been described in a number of human tumors. We studied and review here their expression in neuroblastic tumors. HMGA2 is expressed only in a subset of ex vivo neuroblastoma (NB) tumors and in the embryonic adrenal gland, but it is undetectable in the adult adrenal gland, suggesting that its anomalous expression might be associated with NB tumorigenesis and/or tumor progression. In vitro, its expression is easily detectable in retinoic acid (RA)-resistant cell lines. The exogenous expression of HMGA2 is sufficient to convert RA-sensitive SY5Y NB cells into RA-resistant cells, thus suggesting that HMGA2 might be a relevant player in determining NB cell responses to endogenous or therapeutically important growth inhibitory substances. In contrast, HMGA1 expression is readily detectable in all NB cell lines and tumors, but its expression is consistently higher in less differentiated NBs compared with ganglioneuromas and ganglioneuroblastomas. Interestingly, RA increases HMGA1 expression in RA-resistant NB cells but inhibits it in cells undergoing RA-induced growth inhibition and neuronal differentiation. Our studies indicate that HMGA molecules might be biologically and pathologically relevant factors in neuroblastic tumor development and progression. This article was published in Ann N Y Acad Sci and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version