alexa Holocellular retinol binding protein as a substrate for microsomal retinal synthesis.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cytology & Histology

Author(s): Posch KC, Boerman MH, Burns RD, Napoli JL

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Abstract Holocellular retinol binding protein (holo-CRBP) was substrate for retinal synthesis at physiological pH with microsomes prepared from rat liver, kidney, lung, and testes. Four observations indicated that retinal synthesis was supported by holo-CRBP directly, rather than by the unbound retinol in equilibrium with CRBP. First, the rate of retinal synthesis with holo-CRBP exceeded the rate that was observed from the concentration of unbound retinol in equilibrium with CRBP. Second, NADP was the preferred cofactor only with holo-CRBP, supporting a rate about 3-fold greater than that of NAD. In contrast, with unbound retinol as substrate, similar rates of retinal formation were supported by either NAD or NADP. Third, the rate of retinal synthesis was not related to the decrease in the concentration of unbound retinol in equilibrium with holo-CRBP caused by increasing the concentration of apo-CRBP. Fourth, the rate of retinal synthesis increased with increases in the concentration of holo-CRBP as a fixed concentration of unbound retinol was maintained. This was achieved by increasing both apo-CRBP and holo-CRBP, but keeping constant the ratio apo-CRBP/holo-CRBP. Retinal formation from holo-CRBP displayed typical Michaelis-Menten kinetics with a Km about 1.6 microM, less than the physiological retinal concentration of 4-10 microM in the livers of rats fed diets with recommended vitamin A levels. The Vmax for retinal formation from holo-CRBP was 14-17 pmol min-1 (mg of protein)-1, a rate sufficiently high to generate adequate retinal to contribute significantly to retinoic acid synthesis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Biochemistry and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology

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