alexa Hormonal control of bone collagen synthesis in vitro. Effects of insulin and glucagon.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Canalis EM, Dietrich JW, Maina DM, Raisz LG

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Abstract The direct effects of porcine insulin and glucagon on bone collagen and non-collagen protein synthesis have been examined in cultures of calvaria obtained from 21-day fetal rats. Bones were incubated for 24 to 96 h and [3H]proline was added for the last 2 h of culture. Incorporation of the label into collagenase-digestible protein (CDP) and noncollagen protein (NCP) was determined using purified bacterial collagenase. Insulin increased the labeling of CDP by 60 to 115\% at concentrations of 10(-9) to 10(-6) M. A smaller stimulatory effect was observed on NCP. The effect on CDP appeared after 12 to 24 h of culture, was maintained for 96 h in the continuous presence of the hormone, but was lost within 3 h of removal of insulin from the culture medium. Insulin appeared to have a direct effect on collagen synthesis and not on collagen breakdown. Insulin did not affect the incorporation of [3H]uridine or [3H]thymidine into the RNA and DNA fractions of bone at 24 h. Insulin opposed the inhibitory effects of parathyroid hormone and dibutyryl cyclic-3',5'-adenosine monophosphate and to a lesser extent, the inhibitory effect of isobutylmethylxanthine on the labeling of CDP. Glucagon did not affect the response to insulin and by itself had small and variable inhibitory effects on proline incorporation. This article was published in Endocrinology and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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