Author(s): Nanjee MN, Koritnik DR, Thomas J, Miller NE
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Abstract The relationships of the expression of hepatic low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors (apo B,E receptors) to several plasma hormone concentrations were examined in 15 fasted women aged 37-75 years (mean, 57 years), who were undergoing laparotomy for non-neoplastic disease. No subject had clinical or biochemical evidence of familial hypercholesterolemia, renal disease, hepatic disease, or endocrine disease. Hepatic apo B,E receptor expression was quantified in vitro as the EDTA-suppressible binding of 125I-labeled human LDL (15 micrograms protein/ml) by liver homogenate at 37 degrees C; values were 23-75 ng LDL protein/mg cell protein (mean, 47 ng/mg). Receptor expression was strongly correlated with plasma estrone concentration (rs = +0.70, P = 0.035), but was unrelated to the concentrations of testosterone, thyroxine, free triiodothyronine, cortisol, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) or cortisol-binding globulin. Insulin and estradiol concentrations were mostly very low. The correlation of receptor expression with plasma total estrone concentration reflected associations with both the albumin-bound (rs = +0.78, P = 0.014) and unbound (rs = +0.80, P = 0.009) fractions, but not with the SHBG-bound fraction (rs = -0.22, P = 0.574), of this hormone. As the non-SHBG-bound fractions of gonadal steroids are considered to be the biologically active components, these results are consistent with experimental evidence that the synthesis of apo B,E receptors in hepatocytes is stimulated by estrogens, and suggest that circulating estrone may be the major hormonal determinant of receptor expression in fasted middle-aged/elderly women.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences