Author(s): J Laver, SC Jhanwar, RJ OReilly, H CastroMalaspina
The origin of marrow stromal cells post allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) was studied. Two groups of patients receiving HLA-identical marrow grafts from sex mismatched siblings were included in the study: the first group (eight patients) received conventional marrow grafts and the second group (ten patients) received stromal cell and T cell depleted grafts. All patients showed hematopoietic engraftment with donor cells. Marrow aspirates obtained from these patients were used to establish stromal layers in long-term marrow cultures (LTMC) for 4 to 6 weeks. In both groups, karyotype analysis of nonhematopoietic cultured stromal cells showed host origin even as late as day 760 posttransplantation. Immunofluorescence methods using monoclonal antibodies against components of fibroblasts, macrophages, and endothelial cells, showed that the composition of stromal layers was similar to those obtained from normal controls. Our data indicate that marrow stromal progenitors capable of proliferation are nontransplantable and do not originate from a hematopoietic-stromal common progenitor.