Author(s): Maeda S, Kamita SG, Kondo A
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Abstract We have isolated hybrid baculoviruses of Bombyx mori nuclear polyhedrosis virus (BmNPV) and Autographa californica NPV (AcNPV) capable of replicating in both BmN (not susceptible to AcNPV) and SF-21 (not susceptible to BmNPV) cells (A. Kondo and S. Maeda, J. Virol. 65:3625-3632, 1991). Repeated backcross infection of one of these recombinant isolates with AcNPV generated eh-AcNPV, a virus with restriction endonuclease patterns of genomic DNA nearly identical to those of AcNPV but capable of replicating in both BmN and SF-21 cells, i.e., host range expanded. Expanded host range viruses were also isolated following cotransfection of AcNPV DNA with eh-AcNPV DNA cleaved with either HindIII or PstI. Subsequent cotransfection of AcNPV DNA with plasmids from an eh-AcNPV DNA fragment library identified an 11-kbp HindIII fragment that could expand the host range of AcNPV. Subcloning and cotransfection analyses localized a 572-bp SacI-HindIII fragment within this 11-kbp fragment which could alone expand the host range of AcNPV. Mapping and nucleotide sequencing analysis revealed that this fragment was identical to the corresponding 572-bp fragment (BmScH) of BmNPV. Furthermore, this fragment originated from the coding region of the putative DNA helicase gene. Cotransfection of AcNPV DNA with BmScH also generated a host range-expanded virus, eh2-AcNPV. These results indicated that the expanded host range characteristics of eh2-AcNPV were solely the result of recombination within the coding region of the putative DNA helicase gene.
This article was published in J Virol
and referenced in Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials