Author(s): Kasamatsu H, Nakanishi A
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Abstract Genome and pre-genome replication in all animal DNA viruses except poxviruses occurs in the cell nucleus (Table 1). In order to reproduce, an infecting virion enters the cell and traverses through the cytoplasm toward the nucleus. Using the cell's own nuclear import machinery, the viral genome then enters the nucleus through the nuclear pore complex. Targeting of the infecting virion or viral genome to the multiplication site is therefore an essential process in productive viral infection as well as in latent infection and transformation. Yet little is known about how infecting genomes of animal DNA viruses reach the nucleus in order to reproduce. Moreover, this nuclear locus for viral multiplication is remarkable in that the sizes and composition of the infectious particles vary enormously. In this article, we discuss virion structure, life cycle to reproduce infectious particles, viral protein's nuclear import signal, and viral genome nuclear targeting.
This article was published in Annu Rev Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Multiple Sclerosis