Author(s): Mitchison DA
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To explore mechanisms by which drug resistance might arise as a result of poor compliance during short course chemotherapy. DESIGN: Four theoretical mechanisms are first described. RESULTS: Examples of the way the mechanisms probably operate are taken from: 1) a study of once-weekly chemotherapy with streptomycin and isoniazid, and 2) the pattern of drug susceptibility in cultures from patients who relapsed after the end of treatment. CONCLUSION: Good compliance is vitally important. The value of a fourth drug in the initial phase of chemotherapy in preventing resistance is questioned. An explanation for mono-resistance to rifampicin in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is suggested.
This article was published in Int J Tuberc Lung Dis
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals