Author(s): Parulekar L, Soman R, Singhal T, Rodrigues C, Dastur FD,
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Abstract PURPOSE: There is a need to study compliance with surgical antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines in India. METHODS: In this prospective study, 100 consecutive surgical procedures performed at a tertiary care private hospital in Mumbai, India were observed. The choice of antibiotic, timing and duration of administration were recorded and compared to the hospital guidelines. RESULTS: Appropriateness of choice of antibiotic was seen in 68\%, timing in 89\%, dose in 75\% and duration in 63\% of cases. Hundred percent compliance to all criteria was observed in 52\% of cases. The SSI rate was 3.3\%. CONCLUSIONS: These compliance rates though suboptimal are similar to those reported in world literature. There is an urgent need to improve compliance with optimal surgical antibiotic prophylaxis guidelines so as to reduce risk of SSI and to prevent resistance and costs potentially associated with antibiotic misuse.
This article was published in Indian J Surg
and referenced in Journal of Applied Pharmacy