alexa How interactions between drugs and agarose-carrageenan hydrogels influence the simultaneous transport of drugs.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Biology and Medicine

Author(s): Sjberg H, Persson S, CaramLelham N

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Abstract The diffusional transport of a series of small drug molecules (<400 Da) in agarose gel with and without kappa-carrageenan (a negatively charged polysaccharide) is studied. The drug molecules have amphiphile character, the hydrophilic part being a tertiary amine which is the same in all six drugs. The difference in structure resides in the hydrophobic part which give these molecules different properties such as a difference in CMC-values (critical micelle concentration). The transport studies show that the apparent diffusion coefficients (Dapp) of all the drugs in 1\% (w/w) agarose gel are almost identical and with a value similar to that in water. These results were anticipated because of the small size of the drugs, the low concentration of agarose, and the lack of interaction between the diffusant and the polymer. In agarose gels also containing 0.02\% (w/w) kappa-carrageenan, however, the Dapp-values are significantly decreased for all drugs, except for lidocaine. This lowering of the Dapp is ascribed to the interaction between the drug molecules and kappa-carrageenan. The Dapp-values of the drugs in the gel system containing kappa-carrageenan correlate well with the adsorption isotherms of the same drugs in the drug/kappa-carrageenan/water system obtained previously [1] and the Dapp-values follow the order: chlorpromazine This article was published in J Control Release and referenced in Biology and Medicine

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