alexa How next-generation sequencing is transforming complex disease genetics.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Kilpinen H, Barrett JC, Kilpinen H, Barrett JC

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Abstract Progress in understanding the genetics of human disease is closely tied to technological developments in DNA sequencing. Recently, next-generation technology has transformed the scale of sequencing; compared to the methods used in the Human Genome Project, modern sequencers are 50000-fold faster. Complex disease genetics presents an immediate opportunity to use this technology to move from approaches using only partial information (linkage and genome-wide association studies, GWAS) to complete analysis of the relationship between genomic variation and phenotype. We first describe sequence-based improvements to existing study designs, followed by prioritization of both samples and genomic regions to be sequenced, and then address the ultimate goal of analyzing thousands of whole-genome sequences. Finally, we discuss how the same technology will also fundamentally change the way we understand the biological mechanisms underlying disease associations discovered through sequencing. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Trends Genet and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

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