Author(s): Sievers B, John B, Brandts B, Franken U, van Bracht M,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) using contrast enhancement allows exact determination of the site and transmural extent of myocardial infarction (MI). We evaluated whether 12-lead electrocardiography can differentiate transmural from non-transmural MI or determine the site of MI by comparing the findings with those of contrast-enhanced CMR. A total of 27 patients (59.5+/-12.9 years) with a history of MI (6.4+/-2.9 months) underwent CMR (Magnetom, Siemens, Erlangen, Germany). Cine images were acquired in the horizontal and vertical long axes and short axis by TrueFISP. Contrast-enhanced CMR images were acquired in the same axes by segmented FLASH 15 min after administration of gadolinium-DTPA (0.15 mmol/kg). This showed the MI to be transmural in 11 patients and non-transmural in 16. An electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded in all patients before CMR. T-wave alterations, descending ST-depression, pathological Q-waves and absent R waves were more frequent in non-transmural MI than transmural MI, as defined by contrast-enhanced CMR (p> or =0.618). However, none of the differences were statistically significant. R-wave reduction, q waves and horizontal ST-depression were more frequent in transmural than in non-transmural MI (p> or =0.157). Again, the differences were not significant. The sensitivity of the ECG for MI localization was highest in inferior infarctions (85.71\%), the specificity was highest in anterior infarctions (100\%), the best positive predictive value (80\%) was achieved for anterolateral infarctions, and the best negative predictive value for lateral infarctions (95.83\%). Transmural and non-transmural MI cannot be differentiated by ECG. The ECG is most accurate in detecting anterolateral MI.
This article was published in Int J Cardiol
and referenced in Journal of General Practice