Author(s): Semerari A, Carcione A, Dimaggio G, Falcone M, Nicol G
In this article the authors present a method and a scale for the evaluation of the metacognitive profiles of psychotherapy patients. There will be a description of the metacognitive function and of the alterations that occur to it during treatment. Various hypotheses will then be considered: (1) that the metacognitive function has a modular structure; (2) that for each type of psychopathological condition there is a different metacognitive deficit profile; (3) that to be successful psychotherapy needs to involve an improvement in any deficient metacognitive sub-function. There will then be a presentation of the Metacognition Assessment Scale (MAS) for the assessment of metacognitive deficits during psychotherapy. We shall then describe the first results we have on the application of the scale. Finally there will be an analysis of two patients suffering from Personality Disorders and a demonstration of what metacognitive deficit profile each one has and how it is modified over the course of psychotherapy treatment. The article ends with a discussion of the hypotheses made at the start in the light of the results that have emerged.