Author(s): BoguniaKubik K, Lange A
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Abstract BACKGROUND: A number of genetic polymorphisms have been shown to be associated with the outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). In the present study, HSP70-hom polymorphism (+2763 G/A) was analyzed in the patients and donors of allogeneic HSCT in relation to transplantation outcome, susceptibility for generation of severe toxic lesions, and acute (a) graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). METHODS: One hundred thirty-three recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells and 64 haploidentical and matched unrelated donors were investigated. All these individuals were typed for dimorphism within the HSP70-hom gene (+2763 G/A) with the use of amplification refractory mutation system technique. RESULTS.: Patients with the HSP-AA homozygous genotype presented more frequently with grade II to IV toxic lesions (12 of 14 vs. 61 of 105, P = 0.039) and aGVHD (12 of 16 vs. 56 of 114, P = 0.045). Conversely, DRB1*11 was associated with a lower risk of aGVHD manifestation (10 of 31 vs. 58 of 99, P = 0.009). These contrary associations of HSP-AA and DRB1*11 with the risk of aGVHD were confirmed using logistic regression modeling in multivariable analysis (HSP-AA, odds ratio [OR] = 3.833, P = 0.004; DRB1*11, OR = 0.224, P = 0.048). None of donor HSP genotypes or patient-donor incompatibility within HSP alleles was associated with susceptibility to toxic complications or aGVHD. CONCLUSIONS: Polymorphism of the HSP70-hom gene is associated with the development of posttransplant complications. Recipient HSP-AA homozygous genotype is a risk factor for aGVHD.
This article was published in Transplantation
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy