alexa HSP90 and Akt modulate Ang-1-induced angiogenesis via NO in coronary artery endothelium.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

Author(s): Chen JX, Lawrence ML, Cunningham G, Christman BW, Meyrick B

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Abstract This study examines the notion that heat shock protein (HSP) 90 binding to nitric oxide (NO), endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), and PI3K-Akt regulate angiopoietin (Ang)-1-induced angiogenesis in porcine coronary artery endothelial cells (PCAEC). Exposure to Ang-1 (250 ng/ml) for periods up to 2 h resulted in a time-dependent increase in eNOS phosphorylation at Ser 1177 that occurred by 5 min and peaked at 60 min. This was accompanied by a gradual increase in NO release. Ang-1 also led to stimulation of HSP90 binding to eNOS and a significant increase in Akt phosphorylation. Thirty minutes of pretreatment of cells with either 1 microg/ml geldanamycin (a specific inhibitor of HSP90) or 500 nM wortmannin [a specific phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3)-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor] significantly attenuated Ang-1-stimulated eNOS phosphorylation and NO production. Exposure to Ang-1 caused an increase in endothelial cell migration, tube formation, and sprouting from PCAEC spheroids, and pharmacological blockage of HSP90 function or inhibition of PI3K-Akt pathway completely abolished these effects. Inhibition of nitric oxide synthase by NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (2.5 mM) also resulted in a significant decrease in Ang-1-induced angiogenesis. We conclude that stimulated HSP90 binding to eNOS and activation of the PI3-Akt pathway contribute to Ang-1-induced eNOS phosphorylation, NO production, and angiogenesis in PCAEC. This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985) and referenced in Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

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