Author(s): Hutley LJ, Herington AC, Shurety W, Cheung C, Vesey DA, , Hutley LJ, Herington AC, Shurety W, Cheung C, Vesey DA,
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Abstract Adipogenesis is preceded by development of a microvascular network, and optimal functioning of adipose tissue as an energy store and endocrine organ is dependent on extensive vascularization. We have examined the role of endothelial cell-derived factors that influence the proliferation of human preadipocytes. Microvascular endothelial cells and preadipocytes were isolated from human omental and subcutaneous adipose tissue biopsies by use of a developed procedure of collagenase digest, immunoselection, and differential trypsinization. Conditioned medium from microvascular endothelial cell cultures promoted the proliferation of preadipocytes (P = <0.001) and (to a lesser extent) other cell types. No depot-specific differences in mitogenic capacity of microvascular endothelial cell medium or of preadipocyte response were observed. These results indicate that adipose tissue endothelial cells secrete soluble adipogenic factor(s).
This article was published in Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy