alexa Human cardiac myosin autoantibodies impair myocyte contractility: a cause-and-effect relationship.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Warraich RS, Griffiths E, Falconar A, Pabbathi V, Bell C,

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Abstract The functional relevance of autoantibodies (Abs) against cardiac myosin (CM) in clinical idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) remains controversial. The study sought to determine effects of human Abs affinity-purified (AF) by immunoaffinity column chromotography on excitation-contraction coupling in isolated myocytes. Effects of CM-Abs from heart failure patients with DCM (n=19) and ischemic heart disease (IHD, n=19) on contractility, L-type Ca2+ current, and Ca2+ transients in continuously perfused rat ventricular myocytes were studied. Immunofluorescence studies using confocal microscopy were carried out to determine whether Abs were internalized. AF-Abs from either group did not differ in IgG titer but differed in their elution profiles. The IgG3 subclass response was higher in AF fractions from DCM (21\%) than IHD (5\%) patients. The Abs reduced the capacity of field-stimulated myocytes to contract in a dose-dependent manner. Inhibition of contraction, as a percentage of untreated cells, was greater with DCM than IHD-Abs (P=0.004), and the effect was independent of Ab titer. An increase in frequency of the beating myocytes (0.2 to 3.0 Hz) raised peak systolic and diastolic levels of [Ca2+]i of cells treated with DCM but not IHD-Abs (P<0.005). The AF-Abs were not internalized by myocytes and had no effect on L-type Ca2+ currents. The altered sensitivity of the myofilaments to [Ca2+]i by CM-Abs may represent a potential mechanism of autoantibody-mediated impairment in clinical DCM. This article was published in FASEB J and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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