alexa Human granulocytes contain an opiate alkaloid-selective receptor mediating inhibition of cytokine-induced activation and chemotaxis.


Journal of Psychiatry

Author(s): Makman MH, Bilfinger TV, Stefano GB

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Human peripheral blood granulocytes previously were found to contain opioid delta 2-receptors mediating stimulation by opioid peptides of chemotaxis. Studies presented in this work indicate that granulocytes also contain opiate alkaloid-selective, opioid peptide-insensitive receptors mediating inhibition by morphine and other opiates of cytokine-induced activation and chemotaxis. Binding studies with [3H]morphine and [3H]diprenorphine ([3H]DPN) indicated the presence of receptor sites, at considerable density with affinities and selectivity for opiates comparable with those of the mu 3-receptor of human peripheral blood monocytes (macrophages). The influence of the guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP) analogue GppNHp on binding indicated that the granulocyte receptor was linked to a G protein. Morphine but not opioid peptides interfered with activation and/or chemotaxis of the granulocytes induced by TNF-alpha, IL-1 alpha, IL-8, and FMLP (chemotactic peptide). These effects of morphine were blocked by the antagonist naloxone. Levorphanol inhibited TNF-alpha-induced activation, and also potentiated the inhibition by morphine. Furthermore, in binding assays, levorphanol enhanced the affinity of the receptor for morphine. Dextrorphan had no effect on activation or chemotaxis, and it also had no effect on binding, indicative of stereoselectivity for the effect of levorphanol. It is concluded that human granulocytes contain opiate alkaloid-selective mu 3-receptors that mediate inhibitory effects of morphine on cellular activation by cytokines.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Psychiatry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version