Author(s): Gilbert C, Cantin R, Barat C, Tremblay MJ
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Abstract Dendritic cells (DCs) act as a portal for invasion by human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1). Here, we investigated whether virion-incorporated host cell membrane proteins can affect virus replication in DC-T-cell cocultures. Using isogenic viruses either devoid of or bearing host-derived leukocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1), we showed that HIV-1 production is augmented when LFA-1-bearing virions are used compared to that for viral entities lacking this adhesion molecule. This phenomenon was observed in immature monocyte-derived DCs (IM-MDDCs) only and not in DCs displaying a mature phenotype. The increase is not due to higher virus production in responder CD4(+) T cells but rather is linked with a more important productive infection of IM-MDDCs. We provided evidence that virus-associated host LFA-1 molecules do not affect a late event in the HIV-1 life cycle but rather exert an effect on an early step in virus replication. We demonstrated that the enhancement of productive infection of IM-MDDCs that is conferred by virus-anchored host LFA-1 involves the protein kinase A (PKA) and PKC signal transduction pathways. The biological significance of this phenomenon was established by performing experiments with virus stocks produced in primary human cells and anti-LFA-1 antibodies. Together, our results indicate that the association between some virus-bound host proteins and their natural cognate ligands can modulate de novo HIV-1 production by IM-MDDCs. Therefore, the additional interactions between virus-bound host cell membrane constituents and counter receptors on the surfaces of DCs can influence HIV-1 replication in IM-MDDC-T-cell cocultures.
This article was published in J Virol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology