Author(s): Cracowski JL, StankeLabesque F, Devillier P, Chavanon O, Hunt M, , Cracowski JL, StankeLabesque F, Devillier P, Chavanon O, Hunt M,
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Abstract Isoprostaglandin F(2alpha) type-III (formerly known as 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2alpha)) is produced in large quantities in vivo in clinical situations associated with oxidant stress such as atherosclerosis, hypercholesterolemia, and myocardial reperfusion. Isoprostaglandin F(2alpha) type-III may alter smooth muscle and platelet functions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of isoprostaglandin F(2alpha) type-III on isolated human internal mammary arteries, and to characterise the signalling underlying mechanisms. In organ baths, concentration-dependent contractions of human internal mammary arteries were obtained in response to isoprostaglandin F(2alpha) type-III stimulation. The responses to isoprostaglandin F(2alpha) type-III were inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner by the thromboxane A(2) receptor antagonist, GR 32191 ([1R-[1 alpha(Z), 2beta,3beta,5 alpha(+)-7-[[1, 1'-biphenyl)-4-yl]methoxy]-3-hydroxy-2-(1-piperidinyl) cyclo pentyl]-4-4heptanoic acid], hydrochloride), 3x10(-9) to 3x10(-7) M). However, this effect was associated with a decreased maximal contraction. AH 6809 (6-isopropoxy-9-oxoxanthene-2-carboxylic acid, 10(-6) to 3x10(-5) M), an EP(1)-DP receptor antagonist had no effect on isoprostaglandin F(2alpha) type-III-induced contractions. The maximal responses to isoprostaglandin F(2alpha) type-III were significantly reduced in the presence of the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin (10(-5) M) (E(max): 147+/-20\% vs. 213+/-19\% in control group, P<0.05). Isoprostaglandin F(2alpha) type-III stimulated thromboxane B(2) release (5.7-fold increase) from human internal mammary arteries. Baicaleine, a non-specific lipoxygenase inhibitor, (10(-4) M) and AA 861 (2,3,5-trimethyl-6-(12-hydroxy-5, 10-dodecadiynyl)-1,4 benzoquinone), a 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor (10(-5) M) did not affect isoprostaglandin F(2alpha) type-III response. In conclusion, this study shows that (1) isoprostaglandin F(2alpha) type-III is a vasoconstrictor in human internal mammary arteries, with a potency equivalent to prostaglandin F(2alpha), (2) the contractions induced by isoprostaglandin F(2alpha) type-III are mediated by TP receptor but not EP(1)-DP-receptor activation, (3) thromboxane A(2) but not cysteinyl leukotrienes production is involved in the vascular effects of isoprostaglandin F(2alpha) type-III. Isoprostaglandin F(2alpha) type-III, produced at sites of free radical generation, may play an important role in internal mammary artery spasm in situations of oxidant stress such as coronary bypass surgery.
This article was published in Eur J Pharmacol
and referenced in Cardiovascular Pharmacology: Open Access