alexa Human jaw reflexes.
Dentistry

Dentistry

Dentistry

Author(s): Lund JP, Lamarre Y, Lavigne G, Duquet G

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Although the jaw reflexes are analogous in many ways to the corresponding limb reflexes, important differences do exist. The myotatic reflex appears to contribute more stiffness to the jaw-closing muscles than to limb muscles. The jaw tends to swing up and down during locomotion, and, to maintain a stable position in relationship to the skull, it is necessary that the muscles be made stiff by tonic contraction and/or through a powerful servoreflex. The short conduction pathway and rapid contraction of jaw muscles allow reflex effects to act with little phase lag and to provide efficient compensation. If limb muscle reflexes were equally powerful, their effects could be of more nuisance than help in overcoming expected loads because they occur so late. Perhaps the lack of Renshaw cell inhibition of trigeminal MNs and the potentiation of the jaw jerk reflex by chin vibration are features designed to maintain the strength of the myotatic reflex during locomotion. The jaw-opening reflex (including exteroceptive suppression of jaw-closer muscle activity) is bilaterally symmetrical rather than bilaterally reciprocal, as are the analogous spinal flexor withdrawal reflexes. Bilateral braking is necessary to stop closure, because the mandible crosses the midline, whereas withdrawal of a limb often needs to be compensated for by extension of the other to maintain balance. It has recently been shown in animals that limb and jaw reflex responses are highly context dependent: the size and direction of limb reflexes depend on the phase of locomotion (Forssberg et al., 1977), and the gain of the jaw-opening reflex is increased during the closing phase of mastication (Lund et al., 1981).
This article was published in Adv Neurol and referenced in Dentistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords