Author(s): Liu MC, Proud D, Lichtenstein LM, MacGlashan DW Jr, Schleimer RP,
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Abstract Human lung macrophages obtained from surgical specimens spontaneously secreted a factor(s) (which we term macrophage factor) during 24-hr culture that induced calcium-dependent histamine release from human basophils and lung mast cells. Macrophage factor induced noncytotoxic histamine release from purified (85\%) basophils. The kinetics of release were relatively slow and similar to that of anti-IgE. We performed a series of experiments to test the IgE dependence of macrophage factor-induced release. Preincubation of basophils with anti-IgE in calcium-free medium resulted in complete desensitization to macrophage factor-induced histamine release (i.e., when calcium and macrophage factor were added to the basophils, no histamine release occurred), and preincubation with macrophage factor in calcium-free medium resulted in partial desensitization to anti-IgE-induced histamine release. Pretreatment of basophils with pH 3.9 lactic acid buffer, which dissociates basophil IgE from its receptors, markedly reduced the capacity of basophils to release histamine in response to macrophage factor. Basophils that were incubated with IgE myeloma (but not with IgG) after lactic acid treatment partially or completely regained their capacity to release histamine in response to macrophage factor. Fluid-phase IgE myeloma (15 micrograms/ml) (but not IgG) inhibited basophil histamine release induced by two macrophage-derived supernatants, whereas IgE myeloma (200 micrograms/ml) did not inhibit release due to other supernatants. IgE-affinity columns removed the histamine-releasing activity of five macrophage-derived supernatants, and IgG-affinity columns had similar effects. However, neither affinity column removed the histamine-releasing activity of three other macrophage-derived supernatants. On Sephadex G-75 chromatography, nearly all of the histamine-releasing activity migrated as single peak with an apparent m.w. of 18,000. These results suggest that, although macrophage factor are heterogeneous, they are related, as they are a IgE-dependent factors that induce histamine release by interacting with cell surface IgE. These macrophage factors may be responsible for stimulation of basophil/mast cell mediator release in chronic allergic reactions.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta