alexa Human macrophages induced in vitro by macrophage colony-stimulating factor are deficient in IL-12 production.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Smith W, Feldmann M, Londei M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract IL-12 is important for Th1 differentiation. Myeloid-derived antigen-presenting cells (APC) such as monocytes, macrophages (Mphi) and dendritic cells (DC) are believed to be major sources of IL-12 in vivo. We have compared IL-12 production of fresh monocytes with Mphi differentiated in vitro using macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) or human plasma, and in vitro generated dendritic cells, since these differentiated cell types represent APC at sites of antigen challenge. Macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or heat-killed Listeria monocytogenes in the presence or absence of IFN-gamma produced minimal IL-12 p70 by comparison with DC or monocytes, despite comparable production of TNF-alpha. M-CSF-induced Mphi produced low levels of IL-10 constitutively and high levels after stimulation with LPS, but neutralization of IL-10 did not augment Mphi IL-12 production. Exposure of Mphi to TNF-alpha, granulocyte-macrophage CSF or IFN-gamma did not substantially up-regulate IL-12. Therefore M-CSF induces a differentiated Mphi phenotype in which IL-12 production is down-regulated, perhaps irreversibly. This may be the default pathway for monocyte-Mphi development in the absence of inflammation. This article was published in Eur J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords