Author(s): Scherzed A, Hackenberg S, Radeloff A, Froelich K, Rak K,
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Abstract Interactions of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) with tumors are controversially discussed since there is evidence for both tumor progression as well as tumor inhibition by hMSC. The objective of the present study is to investigate whether hMSC support cell motility and cytokine secretion in a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell line (HLaC 78). A spheroid model was generated in which the ultrastructure of spheroids was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The migration capability was monitored in a monolayer as well as in a spheroid model. The variation in migration and secretion of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), as well as the expression of the multidrug resistance gene (MDR-1) was investigated. Finally, the alteration in the cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry. SEM showed a tight cell-cell contact with extensive secretion of extracellular matrix. The migration and invasion capability of HLaC 78 was enhanced by hMSC. Cancer cell motility was also increased by hMSC as well as secretion of the cytokines IL-6, IL-8 and VEGF. hMSC did not induce the expression of MDR-1 in HLaC 78, and there was no alteration in the cell cycle of HLaC 78 after cocultivation with hMSC. Our results confirm the important role of hMSC in cancer biology since both an enhancement of cell motility as well as cytokine secretion could be shown. However, based on these findings and those in the current literature, caution must be applied when using hMSC as a carrier for tumor therapy in cancer treatment.
This article was published in Cells Tissues Organs
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy