alexa Human mesenchymal stem cells require monocyte-mediated activation to suppress alloreactive T cells.


Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

Author(s): Groh ME, Maitra B, Szekely E, Ko ON, Groh ME, Maitra B, Szekely E, Ko ON

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal cells (MSCs) are precursors of nonhematopoietic mesenchymal cells of the bone marrow microenvironment. MSCs were shown to inhibit alloreactive T lymphocytes, but the mechanism and mediators of this effect are not fully understood. Here we describe a novel interaction between blood monocytes and bone marrow-derived, culture-expanded MSCs, which results in inhibition of T-lymphocyte activation. We found that CD14+ monocytes from blood activate MSCs to secrete inhibitory molecules that lead to inhibition of alloreactive T cells. This cellular communication is not contact-dependent, but rather is mediated by soluble factors that include interleukin (IL)-1beta. MSC-mediated inhibition of alloreactive T lymphocytes is associated with downregulation of activation markers CD25, CD38, and CD69 detected both in CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes. The cytokines secreted by MSCs that mediate T-cell inhibition include transforming growth factor-beta1, but not IL-10. The interaction between blood monocytes and the MSCs represents a unique immune regulatory paradigm that can potentially be exploited in clinic. This article was published in Exp Hematol and referenced in Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 15th International Conference on Nephrology & Therapeutics
    August 28-30, 2017 Philadelphia, USA
  • 16th European Nephrology Conference
    October 02-04, 2017 Barcelona, Spain
  • 16th European Nephrology Conference
    October 02-04, 2017 Barcelona, Spain
  • World Nephrology Congress
    Osaka, Japan Oct 09-11, 2017
  • 13th World Nephrology Conference
    October 18-19, 2017 Dubai,UAE
  • 16th International Conference on Nephrology
    NOVEMBER 02-03, 2017 Atlanta, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version