Author(s): Grisold W, Jellinger K, Lutz D
Abstract Share this page
Abstract A 62-year-old woman with chronic lymphatic leukemia (CLL) (RAI stage IV) with multiple organ involvement and diabetes mellitus, three months prior to death presented with a symmetrical sensory neuropathy of the upper extremities with little motor impairment and, two months later, sensory atactic neuropathy of the lower limbs. No cranial nerve or CNS impairment was noted. Clinical diagnosis was predominantly sensory neuropathy, but nerve conduction velocities were normal on upper limbs and moderately abnormal on lower limbs, the latter attributing to long lasting diabetes mellitus. The women died from acute subarachnoid hemorrhage. Autopsy revealed CLL of B-cell type with generalized organ involvement and acute craniospinal subarachnoid hemorrhage from ruptured cerebral aneurysm. There was selective neoplastic infiltration of the dorsal root ganglia and peripheral nerves, particularly the median nerve. Although selective infiltration of peripheral nerves by B-cell lymphoma cells was not associated with myelo-axonal degeneration, the relationship of this case to human neurolymphomatosis is discussed.
This article was published in Clin Neuropathol
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals