Author(s): Ogasawara K, Terada T, Asaka J, Katsura T, Inui K
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Abstract Human organic anion transporter (OAT) 3 (SLC22A8) is localized to the basolateral membranes of renal tubular epithelial cells and plays a critical role in the excretion of anionic compounds. We previously reported that interindividual variation in the OAT3 mRNA level corresponded to interindividual differences in the rate of renal excretion of cefazolin. However, there is little information available on the molecular mechanisms regulating the gene expression of OAT3. Therefore, in the present study, we examined the transcriptional regulation of human OAT3. A deletion analysis of the OAT3 promoter suggested that the region spanning -214 to -77 base pairs was essential for basal transcriptional activity. This region contained a perfectly conserved cAMP-response element (CRE), and a mutation here led to a reduction in promoter activity. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays showed that CRE-binding protein (CREB)-1 and activating transcription factor (ATF)-1 bound to CRE. The activity of the OAT3 promoter was increased through the phosphorylation of CREB-1 and ATF-1 by treatment with 8-bromo-cAMP. This paper reports the first characterization of the human OAT3 promoter and shows that CREB-1 and ATF-1 function as constitutive and inducible transcriptional regulators of the human OAT3 gene via CRE.
This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther
and referenced in Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics