alexa Human papillomavirus and cervical cancer
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy

Author(s): Tadahito KANDA, Iwao KUKIMOTO

Abstract Share this page

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a small non-enveloped icosahedral virus with a circular double-stranded DNA genome of 8 kilo base pairs. HPV particles reach and infect the basal cells of the stratified epithelia through small epithelial lesions. In the basal cells the viral DNA is maintained as episomes, which start to replicate when the host cells initiate terminal differentiation. In these differentiating cells the degradation of p53 by the E6 protein and the abrogation of the pRb functions by the E7 protein lead to the reactivation of the DNA synthesis machinery. After virus propagation the host cells usually die. On the other hand, in some of the infected cells, the E6 and E7 genes are integrated on rare occasion into cell DNA. The cell continuously expressing the E6 and E7 proteins from the integrated genes is immortalized and sometimes acquires malignant phenotype induced by the accumulated damages to DNA. Of more than 100 HPV genotypes recorded to date, 13 including types 16 and 18 are associated with cervical cancer. Expression of HPV major capsid protein L1 in some cultured cells results in production of virus-like particles (VLPs). The VLPs of types 6, 11, 16, and 18 were used as a prophylactic vaccine in recent clinical trials and shown to successfully induce type-specific neutralizing antibodies in the recipients.

This article was published in Uirusu and referenced in Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

materia[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords