Author(s): Hernandez BY, Ton T, Shvetsov YB, Goodman MT, Zhu X
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Abstract Humoral immunity to human papillomavirus (HPV) has not been fully characterized, and there is currently no standard serologic test for the measurement of HPV antibodies. Most HPV serologic assays developed to date are based on virus-like particles (VLPs) of the major HPV capsid protein, L1. We sought to compare the performance of a multiplex HPV L1 VLP-based serologic assay to that of an assay based on VLPs comprised of both L1 and the minor capsid, L2. We developed HPV L1 VLP and L1-L2 VLP-based multiplex seroassays for the detection of HPV type 16 (HPV16) and HPV18 virion binding antibodies using Luminex fluorescent bead technology. We compared the performance of these assays to that of established pseudovirion-based neutralization and L1 VLP-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). A total of 391 serum specimens from unvaccinated adult males and females were tested. The L1 and L1-L2 VLP multiplex seroassays each demonstrated substantial agreement with both the neutralization assays and the ELISAs for the detection of HPV16 antibodies (κ = 0.60 to 0.64). However, the L1-L2 VLP seroassay demonstrated better agreement with neutralization assays for the detection of HPV18 antibodies than the L1 VLP seroassay (κ = 0.74 and 0.43, respectively). L1 and L1-L2 VLP seroassays showed excellent agreement with one another for the detection of HPV16 antibodies (κ = 0.86) but only moderate agreement for HPV18 antibodies (κ = 0.44). The HPV L1-L2 VLP seroassay performs well for the concurrent measurement of HPV16 and -18 antibodies in large numbers of samples and may be extended to include other HPV types.
This article was published in Clin Vaccine Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics