alexa [Human pregnane X receptor-mediated transcriptional regulation of cytochrome P450 3A4 by some phytochemicals].
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Liu DY, Yang M, Zhu HJ, Zheng YF, Zhu XQ

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To test the effect on human pregnane X receptor (hPXR)-mediated transcription regulation of CYP3A4 by five selected phytochemicals. METHODS: Transient cotransfection reporter gene assays in HepG(2) cells were performed with the hPXR expression plasmid and the reporter gene plasmid which contains XRE in the promoter of CYP3A4 linked to luciferase. RESULTS: In the dose-effect study, soybean isoflavone, luteolin and curcumin induced the CYP3A4 transcription via PXR in an evident dose-dependent manner, but isorhamnetin and rutin did not. The inducibility of soybean isoflavone, luteolin and curcumin was also increased in concentrations between 1 micromol/L and 50 micromol/L, 24 h after induction, 50 micromol/L soybean isoflavone, luteolin and curcumin exhibited a 5.46-fold, 2.87-fold, and 2.07-fold increase respectively, compared with 0.1\% DMSO treated cells. In the time-effect study, 10 micromol/L and 50 micromol/L soybean isoflavone, luteolin and curcumin induced CYP3A4 transcription between 12 h and 48 h, the strongest induction appeared in 48 h. 48 h after induction, 50 micromol/L soybean isoflavone, luteolin and curcumin exhibited a 6.72-fold, 3.24-fold, and 2.13-fold increase respectively, compared with 0.1\% DMSO treated cells. CONCLUSION: Three phytochemicals, i.e. soybean isoflavone, luteolin and curcumin stimulate the PXR-mediated transcription of CYP3A4. Isorhamnetin and rutin have no effect on the CYP3A4 transcription via PXR.
This article was published in Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

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