alexa Human renal-cell carcinoma tissue contains dendritic cells.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Integrative Oncology

Author(s): Thurnher M

Abstract Share this page

Immune surveillance of cancer requires antigen-presenting cells which activate T cells specific for tumor-associated antigens. We show here that substantial numbers of dendritic cells, which are the most potent antigen-presenting cells, emigrate from renal-tumor explants in organ culture. Tumor-derived dendritic cells presented with all characteristics of mature dendritic cells. Dendritic cells could be identified by typical cytoplasmic projections (=veils). They expressed high levels of MHC products and of the co-stimulator CD86 (B7-2). Dendritic cells expressed the CD45RO isoform but not CD45RA. The most important point was that up to 9% of the emigrating leukocytes expressed the CD83 antigen, a specific marker for mature dendritic cells. CD83+ cells were approximately 40-fold enriched in the tumor tissue as compared to the peripheral blood. In contrast to cultured blood dendritic cells, tumor-emigrant dendritic cells had a reduced potential to capture soluble antigen, as shown by the exclusion of fluoresceinated Dextran molecules. Finally, in mixed leukocyte reactions, tumor-derived dendritic cells were able to stimulate naive T cells from cord blood, which is a unique feature of dendritic cells. This study demonstrates that genuine dendritic cells reside in or infiltrate renal-cell carcinoma tissue. The failure of patients with renal-cell carcinoma to mount an anti-tumor immune response despite the presence of professional antigen-presenting cells in the tumor tissue suggests that tumor-associated dendritic cells are suppressed in situ, in a similar way to that described for tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes.

This article was published in Int J Cancer and referenced in Journal of Integrative Oncology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords