alexa Human retinal pigment epithelial cells express scavenger receptors BI and BII.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

Author(s): Duncan KG, Bailey KR, Kane JP, Schwartz DM

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Abstract The retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells that underlie the retina ingest and metabolize thousands of lipid-rich photoreceptor outer segments (POS) every day. The scavenger receptor (SR) CD36 and integrin alphavbeta5 have been shown to participate in POS binding and internalization by RPE cells. The objective of the current study was to determine whether RPE cells express SRs other than CD36. Primary cultures of human RPE cells express both mRNA and protein for SR-BI and SR- BII. SR-BI and SR-BII mRNAs were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. SR-BI protein was detected by immune precipitation of [(35)S]methionine-labeled crude cellular extracts. SR-BII was detected by Western blotting of immune precipitated crude cellular extracts. SR-BI and SR-BII proteins were also detected by immunofluorescence staining of RPE cells in culture. The results suggest that these SRs may play a role in POS lipid binding and uptake by RPE cells in the eye. (c)2002 Elsevier Science (USA). This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

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