Author(s): McClintock D, Gordon LB, Djabali K
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Abstract Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS; Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man accession no. 176670) is a rare disorder that is characterized by segmental premature aging and death between 7 and 20 years of age from severe premature atherosclerosis. Mutations in the LMNA gene are responsible for this syndrome. Approximately 80\% of HGPS cases are caused by a G608 (GGC-->GGT) mutation within exon 11 of LMNA, which elicits a deletion of 50 aa near the C terminus of prelamin A. In this article, we present evidence that the mutant lamin A (progerin) accumulates in the nucleus in a cellular age-dependent manner. In human HGPS fibroblast cultures, we observed, concomitantly to nuclear progerin accumulation, severe nuclear envelope deformations and invaginations preventable by farnesyltransferase inhibition. Nuclear alterations affect cell-cycle progression and cell migration and elicit premature senescence. Strikingly, skin biopsy sections from a subject with HGPS showed that the truncated lamin A accumulates primarily in the nuclei of vascular cells. This finding suggests that accumulation of progerin is directly involved in vascular disease in progeria.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine