Author(s): Julovi SM, Ito H, Nishitani K, Jackson CJ, Nakamura T
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Abstract We investigated the effects of hyaluronan (HA) on interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-stimulated matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 production in human chondrocytes from patients with osteoarthritis (OA) or rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Secreted levels of MMP-13 in conditioned media were detected by immunoblotting, while intracellular MMP-13 synthesis in articular cartilage was evaluated by immunofluorescence microscopic analysis. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), p38, extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK), and c-jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) were assessed by Western blotting. IL-1β (2 ng/ml) stimulates the secretion of MMP-13 in both OA and RA chondrocytes. Inhibition studies using specific MAPK inhibitors revealed that IL-1β induced MMP-13 via p38 in both OA and RA chondrocytes. HA down-regulates IL-1β-stimulated MMP-13 and phosphorylated p38 (p-p38) in a dose-dependent manner (0.1, 1, 2, and 4 mg/ml). When used at 4 mg/ml, HA inhibits p-p38 phosphorylation by more than 60\%. In response to IL-1β, RA chondrocytes express a higher level of p-p38 than that of OA chondrocytes. Inhibition of CD44, using a blocking antibody, significantly reversed the inhibitory effect of HA on both MMP-13 and p-p38. Our study clearly shows that HA inhibits IL-1β-induced MMP-13 via its principal receptor, CD44, and subsequent intracellular p38 MAPK signaling in OA and RA chondrocytes. Copyright © 2010 Orthopaedic Research Society.
This article was published in J Orthop Res
and referenced in Rheumatology: Current Research