alexa Hydatid cysts of the adrenal gland: review of nine patients.


Tropical Medicine & Surgery

Author(s): Akay MN, Akay G, Balik AA, Byk A, Akay MN, Akay G, Balik AA, Byk A

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Abstract Adrenal cysts are very rare lesions, especially with parasitic origin. But with the wider application of ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) more adrenal cysts are detected incidentally. To gain more insight into this entity, the records of nine patients with hydatid cysts of adrenal gland seen at our department from January 1980 till January 2002 are reviewed. There were four men and five women, and their ages ranged from 15 to 80 years (median: 41 years). All of the patients had unilateral cysts. Seven cysts were located on the right and two on the left side. Five of the cysts were primary and four were secondary. In three patients the cysts were found incidentally. The most common presenting symptom was pain, which was present in six patients. An indirect hemagglutination (IHA) test was positive in six cases. In all patients, US and CT successfully imaged all cysts, but the definitive diagnosis was made by macroscopic and microscopic examination of the cyst's content. The patients were treated surgically. In all patients adrenal glands with the cystic masses were removed. The median follow-up period was 16 months (range: 6-64 months). No evidence of recurrence was found in any patient. It should not be forgotten that cystic masses of the upper abdomen might also originate from the adrenal gland. The etiology and nature of the cyst should be well researched, and appropriate treatment should be given as soon as possible. Surgical excision of the gland, including the cyst is the treatment of choice. This article was published in World J Surg and referenced in Tropical Medicine & Surgery

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