Author(s): Makogon YF
Gas hydrates are solid crystalline compounds of water and methane that are similar to snow. They form in and block gas wells and lines and cause fouling of heat exchangers when the gas is cooled. Here, finally, is long-awaited information detailing the successful methods for not only removing gas hydrates but also for preventing their reforming. This book addresses methods of hydrate removal and, most importantly, prevention of hydrate build-up. New topics of using hydrate properties for new technologies and production of gas from natural gas hydrate deposits are also discussed. Information specific to hydrate formation in gas includes: conditions and area of hydrate-carrying rock; estimating gas amounts in gas hydrate deposits; the role of natural gas hydrates in global changes; the physical principles and models of gas hydrate deposit development; results of the Messoyakhi gas hydrate field development; and hydrates in space. Contents includes: Physical-chemical aspects; Properties of hydrates; Mechanism of hydrate formation; Technological appellations of hydrates; Natural hydrates of gases; Conclusion; and Bibliography.